A small-data mindset for generative AI creative work

Gabriel Vigliensoni, Phoenix Perry, and Rebecca Fiebrink. 2022. In Proceedings of the Generative AI and HCI Workshop - Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Workshop (CHI2022).

In this paper, we argue that working with small-scale datasets is an often-overlooked but powerful mechanism for enabling greater human influence over generative AI (GenAI) systems in creative contexts. We describe some of the benefits of working with small-scale data, and we argue that conventional ways of thinking about the value of large data, such as preventing overfitting, are not always well-matched to creative aims. We discuss how models built with small-scale data can facilitate meaningful creative work, providing examples from text, image, and sound